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This list includes publications from Sêr SAM group members and collaborators dating back to the start of the project in 2017. Check out our PUBLICATION ARCHIVE for papers from Prof. Paul Meredith dating back to 1992. 


1. “Light power resource availability for energy harvesting photovoltaics for self-powered IoT”. Krishna Seunarine, Zaid Haymoor, Michael Spence, Gregory Burwell, Austin Kay, Paul Meredith, Ardalan Armin and Matt Carnie. Journal of Physics: Energy, 6,1. DOI 10.1088/2515-7655/ad1764. (2024).

2. "Solar energy for societal decarbonisation: a perspective on emerging opportunities in utility-scale solar electricity and solar in the built environment”. Paul Meredith. Frontiers in Sustainable Cities, 6, (2024).

3. “Ion-induced field screening as a dominant factor in perovskite solar cell operational stability”. Jarla Thiesbrummel, Sahil Shah,  Emilio Gutierrez-Partida,  Fengshuo Zu, Francisco Peña-Camargo,  Stefan Zeiske, Jonas Diekmann,  Fangyuan Ye, Karol P. Peters,  Kai O. Brinkmann,  Pietro Caprioglio, Akash Dasgupta, Seongrok Seo,  Fatai A. Adeleye, Jonathan Warby,  Quentin Jeangros, Felix Lang,  Shuo Zhang,  Steve Albrecht,  Thomas Riedl, Ardalan Armin,  Dieter Neher,  Norbert Koch, Yongzhen Wu, Vincent M. Le Corre, Henry Snaith &  Martin Stolterfoht. Nature Energy. (2024).

4. “A New Framework for Understanding Recombination-Limited Charge Extraction in Disordered Semiconductors”. Austin M Kay, Drew B Riley, Paul Meredith, Ardalan Armin and Oskar J Sandberg. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 15,16, 4416-4421. DOI: (2024).

5. “Wide-Gap Perovskites for Indoor Photovoltaics”. Gregory Burwell, Stefan Zeiske, Pietro Caprioglio, Oskar J. Sandberg, Austin M. Kay, Michael D. Farrar, Yong Ryun Kim, Henry J. Snaith, Paul Meredith, Ardalan Armin. Solar RRL, 2400780. (2024).



1.  “Mid-gap trap state-mediated dark current in organic photodiodes”. Oskar J. Sandberg, Christina Kaiser, Stefan Zeiske, Nasim Zarrabi, Sam Gielen, Wouter Maes, Koen Vandewal, Paul Meredith, & Ardalan Armin. Nature Photonics volume 17, pages 368–374. (2023).

2. “Efficient Nanoscale Exciton Transport in Non-Fullerene Organic Solar Cells Enables Reduced Bimolecular Recombination of Free Charges”. Riley DB, Sandberg OJ, Zarrabi N, Kim YR, Meredith P, & Armin A. Advanced Materials, 2211174. DOI: 10.1002/adma.202211174 . (2023).

3. “Mid-gap trap state-mediated dark current in organic photodiodes”. Oskar J Sandberg, Christina Kaiser, Stefan Zeiske, Nasim Zarrabi, San Gielen, Wouter Maes, Koen Vandewal, Paul Meredith & Ardalan Armin. Nature Photonics, 17, 368-374. DOI: (2023).

4. “Subgap Absorption in Organic Semiconductors”. Nasim Zarrabi, Oskar J Sandberg, Paul Meredith & Ardalan Armin. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 24, 13, 3174-3185. DOI: (2023).

5. “A Low-Temperature Batch Process for the Deposition of High-Quality Conformal Alumina Thin Films for Electronic Applications”. Gregory Burwell, Klaudia Rejnhard, Jon Evans, Jacob Mitchell, Michael T. Grimes, Matt Elwin, Ardalan Armin & Paul Meredith. Advanced Engineering Materials, 2201901, DOI: (2023).

6. “Toward More Efficient Organic Solar Cells: A Detailed  Study of Loss Pathway and Its Impact on Overall Device Performance in Low-Offset Organic Solar Cells”. Bowen Sun, Nurlan Tokmoldin, Obaid Alqahtani, Acacia Patterson, Cathreina S.P. De Castro, Drew B. Riley, Manasi Pranav, Ardalan Armin, Frederic Laquai, Brian A. Collins, Dieter Neher & Safa Shoaee. Advanced Energy Materials, 2300980, DOI: (2023).

7. “The Effect of Direct Electron Bean Patterning on the Water Uptake and Ionic Conductivity of Nafion Thin Films”. Ky V. Nguyen, Jan G. Gluschke, A. Bernardus Mostert, Andrew Nelson, Gregory Burwell, Roman W. Lyttleton, Hamish Cavaye, Rebecca J.L. Welbourn, Jakob Seidl, Maxime Lagier, Marta Sanchez Miranda, James D. McGettrick, Trystan Watson, Paul Meredith, and Adam P. Micolich. Advanced Electronic Materials, 2300199, DOI: : 10.1002/aelm.202300199. (2023).

8. “The Thermodynamic Limit of Indoor Photovoltaics Based on Energetically-Disordered Molecular Semiconductors”. Austin M. Kay, Maura E. Fitzsimons, Gregory Burwell, Paul Meredith, Ardalan Armin and Oskar J. Sandberg. Solar RRL 2300277, DOI: 10.1002/solr.202300277. (2023).

9. “On the Impact of Cadmium Sulfide Layer Thickness on Kesterite Photodetector Performance”. Stefan Zeiske, Christina Kaiser, Oskar J. Sandberg, Tove Ericson, Paul Meredith,Charlotte Platzer-Björkman, and Ardalan Armin. Advanced Photonics Research 2300177. DOI: 10.1002/adpr.202300177. (2023).

10. “Photopically Transparent Organic Solar Cells with Tungsten Oxide-Based Multilayer Electrodes”. Juhui Oh, Ju-Hyeon Kim, Yong Ryun Kim, Ardalan Armin, Sanseong Lee, Kiyoung Park, Hongkyu Kang & Kwanghee Lee. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 15, 42802-42810. DOI: (2023).

11. “Importance of spectrally invariant broadband attenuation of light in indoor photovoltaic characterization”. Stefan Zeiske, Paul Meredith, Ardalan Armin & Gregory Burwell. APL Energy, 1, 026103.  DOI: doi:10.1063/5.0159289. (2023).




1. “A quasi steady-state measurement of exciton diffusion lengths in organic semiconductors”. Drew B Riley, Oskar J Sandberg, Wei Li, Paul Meredith & Ardalan Armin. Physical Review Applied, 17, 024076. DOI:  (2022).

2. “Understanding Performance Limiting Interfacial Recombination in pin Perovskite Solar Cells”. Jonathan Warby, Fengshuo Zu, Stefan Zeiske, Emilio Gutierrez-Partida, Lennart Frohloff, Simon Kahmann, Kyle Frohna, Edoardo Mosconi, Eros Radicchi, Felix Lang, Sahil Shah, Francisco Peña-Camargo, Hannes Hempel, Thomas Unold, Norbert Koch, Ardalan Armin, Filippo De Angelis, Samuel D. Stranks, Dieter Neher, and Martin Stolterfoht. Advanced Energy Materials, 2103567. DOI: 10.1002/aenm.202103567. (2022).

3. “Understanding the Role of Order in Y-Series Non-Fullerene Solar Cells to Realize High Open-Circuit Voltages”. Lorena Perdigón-Toro, Le Quang Phuong, Fabian Eller, Guillaume Freychet, Elifnaz Saglamkaya, Jafar I. Khan, Qingya Wei, Stefan Zeiske, Daniel Kroh, Stefan Wedler, Anna Köhler, Ardalan Armin, Frédéric Laquai, Eva M. Herzig, Yingping Zou, Safa Shoaee, and Dieter Neher. Advanced Energy Materials, 2103422. DOI:  10.1002/aenm.202103422. (2022).

4. “A Rapid Graphene Sensor Platform for the Detection of Viral Proteins in Low Volume Samples”. Ffion Walters, Gregory Burwell, Jacob John Mitchell, Muhammad Munem Ali, Ehsaneh Daghigh Ahmadi, A. Bernardus Mostert, Cerys Anne Jenkins, Sergiy Rozhko, Olga Kazakova & Owen J. Guy. Advanced NanoBioMed Research, 2100140, DOI: 10.1002/anbr.202100140. (2022).

5. “Probing Charge Generation Efficiency in Thin-film Solar Cells by Integral-mode Transient Charge Extraction”. Stefan Zeiske, Oskar J Sandberg, Jona Kurpiers, Safa Shoaee, Paul Meredith & Ardalan Armin. ACS Photonics. DOI: (2022).

6. “Transient Analysis of Photomultiplication-Type Organic Photodiodes”. S.Bai, R. li, H. Huang, Y. Qi, Y. Xu, J. Song, F. Yao O.J. Sandberg, P. Meredith, A. Armin & Q. Lin. Applied Physics Reviews. DOI: 10.1063/5.0083361 (2022).

7. “Scaling Considerations for Organic Photovoltaics for Indoor Applications”. Gregory Burwell, Oskar J. Sandberg, Wei Li, Paul Meredith, Matt Carnie & Ardalan Armin. Solar RRL, 2200315. DOI: 10.1002/solr.202200315. (2022).

8. “The Role of Exciton Diffusion and Lifetime in Organic Solar Cells with Low energy-offset”. Drew B. Riley, Paul Meredith, Ardalan Armin & Oskar J. Sandberg. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 13, 20, 4402- 4409. (2022).

9. “Wave Optics of Differential Absorption Spectroscopy in Thick-Junction Organic Solar Cells: Optical Artifacts and Correction Strategies”. Bowen Sun, Oskar J. Sandberg, Dieter Neher, Ardalan Armin & Safa Shoaee. Physical Review Applied, 17, 054016. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevApplied.17.054016. (2022).

10. “Exploring the intrinsic limits of near-infrared detectors by novel materials design”. Sam Gielen, Christina Kaiser, Jochen Vanderspikken, Omar Beckers, Ardalan Armin, Paul Meredith, Koen Vandewal, Wouter Maes. Proceedings Volume PC12149, Organic Electronics and Photonics: Fundamentals and Devices III; PC121490G. Event: SPIE Photonics Europe, 2022, Strasbourg, France. (2022).

11. “Quantifying the Excitonic Static Disorder in Organic Semiconductors”. Austin M. Kay, Oskar J. Sandberg, Nasim Zarrabi, Wei Li, Stefan Zeiske, Christina Kaiser, Paul Meredith & Ardalan Armin. Advanced Functional Materials, 32, 32, 2113181. DOI: (2022).

12. “The Importance of Water Content on the Conductivity of Biomaterials and Bioelectronic Devices”. A. Bernardus Mostert. Journal of Materials Chemistry B, 10, 7108-7121. DOI: 10.1039/d2tb00593j. (2022).

13. “Static Disorder in Lead Halide Perovskites”. Stefan Zeiske, Oskar J. Sandberg, Nasim Zarrabi, Christian M. Wolff, Meysam Raoufi, Francisco Peña-Camargo, Emilio Gutierrez-Partida, Paul Meredith, Martin Stolterfoht, and Ardalan Armin. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 13, 7280 - 7285. DOI: (2022).

14. “Locally incoherent witnessing of quantum coherence”. Sahar Basiri-Esfahani and Farid Shahandeh. Physical Review A, 106, 022410. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.106.022410. (2022).

15. “Efficient and Stable Perovskite Solar Cells with a High Open-Circuit Voltage Over 1.2 V Achieved by a Dual-Side Passivation Layer”. Ju-Hyeon Kim, Yong Ryun Kim, Juae Kim, Chang-Mok Oh, In-Wook Hwang, Jehan Kim, Stefan Zeiske, Taeyoon Ki, Sooncheol Kwon, HeejooY Kim, Ardalan Armin, Hongsuk Suh, Kwanghee Lee. Advanced Materials, 2205268. DOI: 10.1002/adma.202205268. (2022).

16. “Electron-donating amine-interlayer induced n-type doping of polymer: nonfullerene blends for efficient narrowband near-infrared photo-detection”. Quan Liu, Stefan Zeiske, Xueshi Jiang, Derese Desta, Sigurd Mertens, Sam Gielen, Rachith Shanivarasanthe, Hans-Gerd Boyen, Ardalan Armin & Koen Vandewal . Nature Communications, 13, 5194. DOI: (2022).

17. “Light intensity dependence of the photocurrent in organic photovoltaic devices”. Stefan Zeiske, Wei Li, Paul Meredith, Ardalan Armin, Oskar J. Sandberg. Cell Reports Physical Science, 3 (10), 101096. DOI: (2022).



1. “Excitons dominate the emission from PM6:Y6 solar cells but this does not help the open-circuit voltage of the device”. Lorena Perdigón-Toro, Le Quang Phuong, Stefan Zeiske, Koen Vandewal, Ardalan Armin, Safa Shoaee, & Dieter Neher. ACS Energy Letters, 6 (2), 557–564. . (2021).

2. “A History and Perspective of Non-Fullerene Electron Acceptors for Organic Solar Cells”. Ardalan Armin, Wei Li, Oskar J. Sandberg, Zuo Xiao, Liming Ding, Jenny Nelson, Dieter Neher, Koen Vandewal, Safa Shoaee, Tao Wang, Herald Ade, Thomas Heumüller, Christoph Brabec, & Paul Meredith. Advanced Energy Materials, 2003570.  DOI:10.1002/aenm.202003570. (2021).

3.  “Integrated bioelectric proton-gated logic elements utilizing nanoscale patterned nafion”. J.G Gluschke, J. Seidl, R.W. Lyttleton, K. Nguyen, M. Lagier, F. Meyer, P. Krogstrup, J. Nygard, S. Lehmann, A.B. Mostert, P. Meredith & A.P. Micolich. Materials Horizons, 8 (1), 224-233. DOI: 10.1039/D0MH01070G. (2021).

4. “Reverse dark current in organic photodetectors and the major role of traps as source of noise”. Jonas Kublitski, Andreas Hofacker, Bahman K. Boroujeni , Johannes Benduhn , Vasileios C. Nikolis, Christina Kaiser, Donato Spoltore, Hans Kleemann, Axel Fischer, Frank Ellinger, Koen Vandewal & Karl Leo. Nature Communications, 12, 551. (2021).

5. “Contextuality of General Probabilistic Theories”. Farid Shahandeh. PRX Quantum, 2 (1), 010330. DOI: (2021).

6. “Requirements for Making Thick Junctions of Organic Solar Cells based on Nonfullerene Acceptors”. Mathias Nyman, Oskar J Sandbergm Wei Li, Stefan Zeiske, Robin Kerremans, Paul Meredith & Ardalan Armin. Solar Rapid Research Letters, 2100018. (2021).

7. “Melanin system composition analyzed by XPS depth profiling”. J.V. Paulin, J.D. McGettrick, C.F.O. Graeff & A.B. Mostert. Solar Interfaces, 24, 101053. (2021).

8. “On the free radical redox chemistry of 5,6-dihydroxyindole”. A.B Mostert. Chemical Physics, 546, 111158. (2021).

9. “Parameterization of Metallic Grids on Transparent Conductive Electrodes for the Scaling of Organic Solar Cells”. Gregory Burwell, Nicholas Burridge, Eloise Bond, Wei Li, Paul Meredith, Ardalan Armin. Advanced Electronic Materials, 2100192. DOI: 10.1002/aelm.202100192. (2021).

10. “Efficient light-emitting diodes from organic radicals with doublet emission”. John M. Hudson, Timothy J.H. Hele & Emrys Evans. Journal of Applied Physics. 129, 180901. (2021).

11. “Melanin, the What, the Why and the How: An Introductory Review for Materials Scientists Interested in Flexible and Versatile Polymers”. A. Bernardus Mostert. Polymers, 13, 1670. (2021).

12. “Direct Observation of Trap-Assisted Recombination in Organic Photovoltaic Devices”. Stefan Zeiske, Oskar J. Sandberg, Nasim Zarrabi, Wei Li, Paul Meredith, and Ardalan Armin. Nature Communications, 12, 3603. (2021).

13. “Direct quantification of quasi-Fermi level splitting in organic semiconductor devices”. Drew B Riley, Oskar J Sandberg, Nora M Wilson, Wei Li, Stefan Zeiske, Nasim Zarrabi, Paul Meredith, Ronald Osterbacka & Ardalan Armin. Physical Review Applied, 15, 064035. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevApplied.15.064035. (2021).

14. “Melanin thin-films: a perspective on optical and electrical properties”. João Vitor Paulin, Alex Pifer Coleone, Augusto Batagin-Neto, Gregory Burwell, Paul Meredith, Carlos F. O. Graeff & Albertus Bernardus Mostert. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 9, 8345 - 8358. DOI: 10.1039/D1TC01440D. (2021).

15. “A Universal Urbach Rule for Disordered Organic Semiconductors”. Christina Kaiser, Oskar J Sandberg, Nasim Zarrabi, Wei Li, Paul Meredith & Ardalan Armin. Nature Communications, 12:3988. (2021).

16. “Energetics and Kinetics Requirements for Organic Solar Cells to Break the 20% Power Conversion Efficiency Barrier”. Oskar J Sandberg & Ardalan Armin. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 125, 15590-15598. (2021).

17. “Interfacial water morphology in hydrated melanin”. J. A. Martinez-Gonzalez, H. Cavaye, J. D. McGettrick,  P. Meredith,   K. A. Motovilov & A. B. Mostert. Soft Matter, 17, 7940-7952. DOI (2021).

18. ”Application of Molecular Vapour Deposited Al2O3 for Graphene-Based Biosensor Passivation and Improvements in Graphene Device Homogeneity”. Muhammad Munem Ali , Jacob John Mitchell, Gregory Burwell, Klaudia Rejnhard, Cerys Anne Jenkins, Ehsaneh Daghigh Ahmadi, Sanjiv Sharma & Owen James Guy. Nanomaterials, 11(8), 2121. DOI: (2021).

19. “Tuning of the Interconnecting Layer for Monolithic Perovskite/Organic Tandem Solar Cells with Record Efficiency Exceeding 21%". Pang Wang, Wei Li, Oskar Sandberg, Oskar, Chuanhang Guo, Rui Sun, Hui Wang, Donghui Li, Huijun Zhang, Shili Cheng,  Dan Liu, Jie Min, Ardalan Armin & Tao Wang. Nano Letters, 18 (21), 7845-7854. DOI: (2021).

20. “Organic solar cells with near-unity charge generation yield”. Wei Li, Stefan Zeiske, Oskar J Sandberg, Drew B Riley, Paul Meredith and Ardalan Armin. Energy & Environmental Science. DOI: 10.1039/d1ee01367j. (2021).

21.” Water-Activated Semiquinone Formation and Carboxylic Acid Dissociation in Melanin Revealed by Infrared Spectroscopy”. Zakhar V. Bedran, Sergey S. Zhukov, Pavel A. Abramov, Ilya O. Tyurenkov, Boris P. Gorshunov, A. Bernardus Mostert and Konstantin A. Motovilov. Polymers 13(24), 4403. DOI: (2021).



1. “Ligand-assisted cation-exchange engineering for high-efficiency colloidal Cs1−xFAxPbI3 quantum dot solar cells with reduced phase segregation”. M. Hao, Y. Bai, S. Zeiske, L. Ren, J. Liu, Y. Yuan, N. Zarrabi, N. Cheng, M. Ghasemi, P. Chen, M. Lyu, D. He, J. Yun, Y. Du, Y. Wang, S. Ding, A. Armin, P. Meredith, G. Liu, H. Cheng & L. Wang. Nature Energy 5(1), 79-88. (2020).

2. “Printable and Flexible Graphene pH sensors utilising Thin Film Melanin for Physiological Applications”. Z. Tehrani, S.P. Whelan, A.B. Mostert, J.V. Paulin, M.M. Ali, E.D. Ahmadi, C.F.O. Graeff, O.J. Guy & D.T. Gethin. 2D Materials, 7 (2), 024008. DOI: 10.1088/2053-1583/ab72d5. (2020).

3. “Reduced Recombination and Capacitor-like Charge Buildup in an Organic Heterojunction”. K. N. Schwarz, P. B. Geraghty, V. D. Mitchell, S.-U.-Z. Khan, O. J. Sandberg, N. Zarrabi, B. Kudisch, J. Subbiah, T. A. Smith, B. P. Rand, A. Armin, G. D. Scholes, D. J. Jones &  K. P. Ghiggino. Journal of American Chemical Society, 142 (5), 2562-2571. (2020).

4. “Determining Ultralow Absorption Coefficients of Organic Semiconductors from the Sub‐Bandgap”. Christina Kaiser, Stefan Zeiske, Paul Meredith & Ardalan Armin. ACS Photonics, 7 (1), 256-264. DOI: 10.1021/acsphotonics.9b01531. (2020).

5. “Sensitivity of Sub-Bandgap External Quantum Efficiency Measurements of Solar Cells under Electrical and Light Bias”.  Stefan Zeiske, Christina Kaiser, Paul Meredith & Ardalan Armin. ACS Photonics, 7 (1), 256-264. DOI: 10.1021/acsphotonics.9b01531. (2020).

6. “Charge Carrier Transport and Generation via Trap-mediated Optical Release in Organic Semiconductor Devices”. O. J. Sandberg, S. Zeiske, N. Zarrabi, P. Meredith, A. Armin. Physical Review Letters, 124 (12), 128001. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.128001. (2020).

7. “On the question of the need for a built-in potential in perovskite solar cells”. O. J. Sandberg, J. Kurpiers, M. Stolterfoht, D. Neher, P. Meredith, S. Shoaee, A. Armin. Advanced Materials Interfaces, 7 (10), 2000041. DOI: 10.1002/admi.202000041. (2020).

8. “Real-time detection of hepatitis B surface antigen using a hybrid graphene-gold nanoparticle biosensor”. F Walters, S Rozhko, D Buckley, E D Ahmadi, M Ali, Z Tehrani, J Mitchell, G Burwell, Y Liu, O Kazakova & O J Guy. 2D Materials, 7 (2), 024009. DOI: 10.1088/2053-1583/ab734c. (2020).

9. “Watching Space Charge Build Up in an Organic Solar Cell”. S. Wilken, O. J. Sandberg, D. Scheunemann & R. Österbacka. Solar Rapid Research Letters, 4 (3), 1900505. DOI: 10.1002/solr.201900505. (2020).

10. “Extraordinarily Long Diffusion Length in PM6:Y6 Organic Solar Cells”. N. Tokmoldin, S. M. Hosseini, M. Raoufi, L. Q. Phuong, O. J. Sandberg, H. Guan, Y. Zou, D. Neher & S. Shoaee. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 8 (16), 7854-7860. DOI: 10.1039/D0TA03016C. (2020).

11. “Progress of the key materials for organic solar cells”. Yang Tong, Zuo Xiao,Xiaoyan Du , Chuantian Zuo , Yuelong Li , Menglan Lv , Yongbo Yuan , Chenyi Yi, Feng Hao , Yong Hua, Ting Lei, Qianqian Lin, Kuan Sun, Dewei Zhao, Chunhui Duan, Xiangfeng Shao, Wei Li, Hin-Lap Yip, Zhengguo Xiao, Bin Zhang, Qingzhen Bian, Yuanhang Cheng, Shengjian Liu, Ming Cheng, Zhiwen Jin, Shangfeng Yang & Liming Ding. Science China Chemistry, 63, 758–765. (2020).

12. “The Optical Constants of Solution‐Processed Semiconductors—New Challenges with Perovskites and Non‐Fullerene Acceptors”. Robin Kerremans, Christina Kaiser, Wei Li, Nasim Zarrabi, Paul Meredith & Ardalan Armin. Advanced Optical Materials, 8 (16), 2000319. DOI: 10.1002/adom.202000319. (2020).

13. “Melanin Biopolymers: Tailoring Chemical Complexity for Materials Design”. Marco d'Ischia, Alessandra Napolitano, Alessandro Pezzella, Paul Meredith & Markus Buehler. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 59 (28), 11196-11205. (2020).

14. “On the Origin of the Ideality Factor in Perovskite Solar Cells”. P. Caprioglio, C. M. Wolff, O. J. Sandberg, A. Armin, B. Rech, S. Albrecht, D. Neher &  M. Stolterfoht. Advanced Energy Materials, 10 (27), 2000502. DOI: aenm.202000502. (2020).

15. “Defect/Interface Recombination Limited Quasi-Fermi Level Splitting and Open-Circuit Voltage in Mono- and Triple-Cation Perovskite Solar Cells”. Shanshan Zhang, Paul E Shaw, Guanran Zhang, Hui Jin, Meiqian Tai, Hong Lin, Paul Meredith, Paul L Burn, Dieter Neher & Martin Stolterfoht. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 12 (33), 37647-37656. (2020).

16. “Engineering proton conductivity in melanin using metal doping”. A Bernardus Mostert, Shermiyah B Rienecker, Margarita Sheliakina, Paul Zierep, Graeme R Hanson, Jeffrey R Harmer, Gerhard Schenk & Paul Meredith. Journal of Materials Chemistry B, 8 (35), 8050-8060. (2020).

17. “Extraction Current Transients for Selective Charge-Carrier Mobility Determination in Non-Fullerene and Ternary Bulk Heterojunction Organic Solar Cells”. Staffan Dahlström, Xiaoyu Liu, Yajie Yan, Oskar J Sandberg, Mathias Nyman, Ziqi Liang & Ronald Österbacka. ACS Applied Energy Materials, 3 (9), 9190-9197. (2020).

18. “Nonfullerene Acceptors: A Renaissance in Organic Photovoltaics?”. P. Meredith, Wei Li, A. Armin. Advanced Energy Materials  10 (33), 2001788. DOI: 10.1002/anem.202001788. (2020).

19. “A facile method for the non-covalent amine functionalization of carbon-based surfaces for use in biosensor development”. Ffion Walters, Muhammad Munem Ali, Gregory Burwell, Sergiy Rozhko, Zari Tehrani, Ehsaneh Daghigh Ahmadi, Jon E Evans, Hina Y Abbasi, Ryan Bigham, Jacob John Mitchell, Olga Kazakova, Anitha Devadoss & Owen J Guy. Nanomaterials, 10 (9), 1808. DOI: 10.3390/nano10091808. (2020).

20. “Limitations of Charge Transfer State Parameterisation using Photovoltaic External Quantum Efficiency”. Ardalan Armin, Nasim Zarrabi, Oskar J. Sandberg, Christina Kaiser, Stefan Zeiske, Wei Li &  Paul Meredith. Advanced Energy Materials, 10 (41), 202001828. DOI: 10.1002/anem.202001828. (2020).

21. “Charge-generating mid-gap trap states define the thermodynamic limit of organic photovoltaic devices”. Nasim Zarrabi, Oskar J. Sandberg, Stefan Zeiske, Wei Li, Drew B. Riley, Paul Meredith & Ardalan Armin. Nature Communications, 11 (1), 1-10. (2020).

22. “Nanomechanical test of quantum linearity”. Stefan Forstner, Magdalena Zych, Sahar Basiri-Esfahani, Kiran E. Khosla, and Warwick P. Bowen. Optica, 7 (10), 1427-1434. DOI: 10.1364/OPTICA.391671. (2020). 

23. “Intrinsic Detectivity Limits of Organic Near‐Infrared Photodetectors”. Gielen, S.; Kaiser, C.; Verstraeten, F.; Kublitski, J.; Benduhn, J.; Spoltore, D.; Verstappen, P.; Maes, W.; Meredith, P.; Armin, A.; Vandewal, K. Advanced Materials, 32 (47), 2003818. DOI: 10.1002/adma.202003818/. (2020).

24. “Shedding Light on the Free Radical Nature of Sulfonated Melanins”. J. V. Paulin, A. Batagin-Neto, P. Meredith, C. F. O. Graeff & A. B. Mostert.  Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 124 (46), 10365-10373. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.0c08097. (2020).

25. “Metal grid structures for enhancing the stability and performance of solution-processed organic light-emitting diodes”. Gregory Burwell, Nicholas Burridge, Oskar J. Sandberg, Eloise Bond, Wei Li, Paul Meredith & Ardalan Armin. Advanced Electronic Materials, 6 (12), 2000732. DOI: 10.1002/aelm.202000732. (2020).

26. “Quantifying Quasi‐Fermi Level Splitting and Open–Circuit Voltage Losses in Highly Efficient Organic Solar Cells”. L. Q. Phuong, S. M. Hosseini, O. J. Sandberg, Y. Zou, H. Y. Woo, D. Neher, & S. Shoaee. Solar Rapid Research Letters, 5 (1), 2000649. DOI: 10.002/solr.202000649. (2020).

27. “Intrinsic Detectivity Limits of Organic Near‐Infrared Photodetectors”. Sam Gielen, Christina Kaiser, Frederik Verstraeten, Jonas Kublitski, Johannes Benduhn, Donato Spoltore, Pieter Verstappen, Wouter Maes, Paul Meredith, Ardalan Armin & Koen Vandewal. Advanced Materials, 32 (47), 2003818. DOI: 10.1002/adma.202003818. (2020).

28. “Experimental Evidence Relating Charge-Transfer-State Kinetics and Strongly Reduced Bimolecular Recombination in Organic Solar Cells”. Nasim Zarrabi, Oskar J Sandberg, Christina Kaiser, Jegadesan Subbiah, David J Jones, Paul Meredith & Ardalan Armin.  Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 11, 10519-10525. (2020).




1. “Accurate characterization of next generation thin film photodetectors. Y. Fang, A. Armin, P. Meredith & J. Huang. Nature Photonics, 13 (1), 1-4. (2019). 

2. “Charge extraction by a linearly increasing voltage of photo-generated carriers: The influence of two mobile carrier types, bimolecular recombination, and series resistance”. O. J. Sandberg & M. Nyman. Organic Electronics, 64, 97-103. (2019).

3. “Redox chemistry in the pigment eumelanin as a function of temperature using broadband dielectric spectroscopy”. K.A. Motovilov, V. Grinenko, M. Savinov, Z.V. Gagkaeva, L.S. Kadyrov, A.A. Pronin, Z.V. Bedran, E.S. Zhukova, A.B. Mostert & B.P. Gorshunov. RSC Advances, 9 (7), 3857-3867. DOI: 10.1039/c8ra09093a. (2019).

4. “Biomimetic Peptide Nanowires Designed for Conductivity”. R.C.G. Creasy, A.B. Mostert, A. Solemanifar, T.A.H. Nguyen, B. Virdis, S. Freguia & B. Laycock. ACS Omega, 4 (1), 1748-1756. DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.8b02231. (2019).

5. “Precision ultrasound sensing on a chip”. Sahar Basiri-Esfahani, Ardalan Armin, Stefan Forstner & Warwick P. Bowen. Nature Communications, 10, 132. (2019).

8. “Cavity enhanced organic photodiodes with charge collection narrowing”. A. Yazmaciyan, P. Meredith & A. Armin. Advanced Optical Materials, 7 (8), 1801543. DOI: 10.1002/adom.201801543. (2019).

9. “Impact of Bimolecular Recombination on the Fill Factor of Fullerene and Nonfullerene-Based Solar Cells: A Comparative Study of Charge Generation and Extraction”. S.M. Hosseini, S. Roland, J. Kurpiers, Z. Chen, K. Zhang, F. Huang, A.Armin, D. Neher  &  S. Shoaee. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 123 (11), 6823-6830. (2019).

10. “Variations of Infiltration and Electronic Contact in Mesoscopic Perovskite Solar Cells Revealed by High‐Resolution Multi‐Mapping Techniques”. Harry Lakhiani,  Tom Dunlop,  Francesca De Rossi,  Stoichko Dimitrov,  Robin Kerremans,  Cécile Charbonneau,  Trystan Watson,  Jérémy Barbé,  Wing Chung Tsoi. Advanced Functional Materials, 29 (25), 1900885. DOI:10.1002.adfm.201900885. (2019).

11. “Effect of Imbalanced Charge Transport on the Interplay of Surface and Bulk Recombination in Organic Solar Cells”. D. Scheunemann, S. Wilken, O. J. Sandberg, R. Österbacka & M. Schiek. Physical Review Applied, 11 (5), 054090. (2019).

12. “Quantum correlations and global coherence in distributed quantum computing”. Farid Shahandeh, Austin P. Lund, & Timothy C. Ralph. Physical Review A, 99 (5), 052303. (2019).

13. “Theoretical Perspective on Transient Photovoltage and Charge Extraction Techniques”. O. J. Sandberg, K. Tvingstedt, P. Meredith & A. Armin. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 123 (23), 14261-14271. (2019).

14. “The role of bulk and interface recombination in high efficiency low dimensional perovskite solar cells”. Shanshan Zhang, Seyed M Hosseini, René Gunder, Andrei Petsiuk, Pietro Caprioglio, Christian M Wolff, Safa Shoaee, Paul Meredith, Susan Schorr, Thomas Unold, Paul L Burn, Dieter Neher & Martin Stolterfoht. Advanced Materials, 31(30), 1901090. DOI: 10.1002/adma.201901090. (2019).

15. “On the effect of surface recombination in thin film solar cells, light emitting diodes and photodetectors”. O. J. Sandberg & A. Armin. Synthetic Metals, 254, 114-121. (2019).

16. “Measuring Energetic Disorder in Organic Semiconductors Using the Photogenerated Charge-Separation Efficiency”. S. Hood, N. Zarrabi, P. Meredith, I. Kassal & A. Armin. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 10 (14), 3863-3870. (2019).

17. “Quantum Hypercube States”. L. A. Howard, T. J. Weinhold, F. Shahandeh, J. Combes, M. R. Vanner, A. G. White, and M. Ringbauer. Physical Review Letters, 123 (2), 020402. (2019).

18. “On the Electro‐Optics of Carbon Stack Perovskite Solar Cells”. R.Kerremans, O.J. Sandberg, S. Meroni, T. Watson, A. Armin & P. Meredith. Solar Rapid Research Letters, 4 (2), 1900221. DOI: 10.1002/solr.201900221. (2019).

19. “Impact of a Doping-Induced Space-Charge Region on the Collection of Photogenerated Charge Carriers in Thin-Film Solar Cells Based on Low-Mobility Semiconductors”. O. J. Sandberg, S. Dahlström, M. Nyman, S. Wilken, D. Scheunemann & R. Österbacka. Physical Review Applied, 12 (3), 034008. (2019).

20. “Influence of titanium dioxide surface activation on the performance of mesoscopic perovskite solar cells”. Muhammad Talha Masood, Christian Weinberger, Syeda Qudsia, Emil Rosqvist, Oskar J Sandberg, Mathias Nyman, Simon Sandén, Paola Vivo, Kerttu Aitola, Peter D Lund, Ronald Österbacka & Jan-Henrik Smått. Thin Solid Films, 686, 137418. (2019).

21. “Manipulating the Charge Transfer Absorption for Narrowband Light Detection in the Near-Infrared”. C. Kaiser, J. Benduhn, S. Schellhammer, B. Siegmund, M. Tropiano, J. Kublitski, D. Spoltore, M. Panhans, O. Zeika, F. Ortmann, A. Armin, P. Meredith & K. Vandewal. Chemistry of Materials, 31(22), 9325-9330. (2019).

22. “Decoding Charge Recombination through Charge Generation in Organic Solar Cells”. Safa Shoaee, Ardalan Armin, Martin Stolterfoht, Seyed Mehrdad Hosseini, Jona Kurpiers & Dieter Neher. Solar Rapid Research Letters, 3 (11), 1900184. DOI: 10.1002/solr.201900184. (2019).

23. “Sensitivity of Sub-Bandgap External Quantum Efficiency Measurements of Solar Cells under Eelectrical and Light Bias”. S. Zeiske, C. Kaiser, P. Meredith, A. Ardalan. ACS Photonics, 7 (1), 256-264. DOI: 10.1021/acsphotonics.9b01531. (2019).




1. “An all-solid-state biocompatible ion-to-electron transducer for bioelectronics”. M. Sheliakina, A.B. Mostert & P. Meredith. Materials Horizons, 5 (2), 256-263. (2018).

2. “Efficient Large Area Organic Solar Cells Processed by Blade‐Coating With Single‐Component Green Solvent”. Kai Zhang, Zhiming Chen, Ardalan Armin, Sheng Dong, Ruoxi Xia, Hin‐Lap Yip, Safa Shoaee, Fei Huang & Yong Cao. Solar Rapid Research Letters, 2 (1), 1700169. DOI: 10.1002/solr.201700169. (2018).

3. “The Photo-reactive Free Radical in Eumelanin”. A.B. Mostert, S.B. Rienecker, C. Noble, G.R. Hanson & P. Meredith. Science Advances, 4 (3), aaq1293. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaq1293. (2018).

4. “Recombination losses above and below the transport percolation threshold in bulk heterojunction organic solar cells”. A. Yazmaciyan, M. Stolterfoht, P.L. Burn, Q. Lin, P. Meredith & A. Armin. Advanced Energy Materials, 8(18), 1703339. DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201703339 (2018).

5. “A Shockley‐Type Polymer: Fullerene Solar Cell”. Ardalan Armin, Zhiming Chen, Yaocheng Jin, Kai Zhang, Fei Huang & Safa Shoaee. Advanced Energy Materials, 8 (7), 1701450. DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201701450 (2018).

6. “Microbial nanowires – Electron transport and the role of synthetic analogues”. Rhiannon CG Creasey, A Bernardus Mostert, Tuan AH Nguyen, Bernardino Virdis, Stefano Freguia & Bronwyn Laycock. Acta Biomaterialia, 69, 1-30. (2018).

7. “Interface engineering of solution processed hybrid organohalide perovskite solar cells”. Shanshan Zhang, Martin Stolterfoht, Ardalan Armin, Qianqian Lin, Fengshuo Zu, Jan Sobus, Hui Jin, Norbert Koch, Paul Meredith, Paul L Burn & Dieter Neher. Applied Materials and Interfaces, 10(25), 21681-21687. (2018).

8. “Visualization and suppression of interfacial recombination for high-efficiency large-area pin perovskite solar cells”. M. Stolterfoht, C.M. Wolff, S. Zhang, J.A. Márquez Prieto, C.J. Hages, T. Unold, S. Albrecht, P.L. Burn, P. Meredith & D. Neher. Nature Energy, 3, 847-854. (2018).

9. “Two-dimensional drift-diffusion study of mid-gap states and subsequent vacuum level shifts at interfaces in bulk-heterojunction solar cells”. C. Ahläng, O. J. Sandberg & R. Österbacka. Physical Review B, 98 (7), 075306. (2018).

10. “Macroscale biomolecular electronics and ionics”. N. Amdursky, E. Glowacki & P. Meredith. Advanced Materials, 31 (3), 1802221. DOI: 10.1002/adma.201802221. (2018).

11. “Anomalous exciton quenching in organic semiconductors in the low yield limit”. N. Zarrabi, A. Yazmaciyan, P. Meredith, I. Kassal & A. Armin. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 9 (20). 6144-6148. (2018).

12. “LED technology breaks performance barrier”. P. Meredith & A. Armin. Nature, 562 (7726), 197-198 (2018).

13. “Determination of Charge-Carrier Mobility and Built-In Potential in Thin-Film Organic M-I-M Diodes from Extraction-Current Transients”. Staffan Dahlström, Oskar J Sandberg, Mathias Nyman & Ronald Österbacka. Physical Review Applied, 10 (5),054019.  (2018).

14. “Scaling of next generation solution processed organic and perovskite solar cells”. P. Meredith & A. Armin. Nature Communications, 9 (1), 1-4. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-05514-9 (2018).

15. “Decoupling ionic and electronic currents in melanin”. M. Sheliakina, A.B. Mostert & P. Meredith. Advanced Functional Materials, 28 (46), 1805514. DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201805514 (2018).



1. “Considerations for upscaling of organohalide perovskite solar cells”. Q. Lin, R.C.R. Nagiri, P.L. Burn & P. Meredith. Advanced Optical Materials, 5 (2), 1600819. DOI: 10.1002/adom.201600819. (2017).

2. “Hybrid nanowire ion-to-electron transducers for integrated bioelectronic circuitry”. D.J. Carrad, A.B. Mostert, A.R. Ullah, A.M. Burke, H.J. Joyce, H.H. Tan, C. Jagadish, P. Krogstrup, J. Nygard, P. Meredith & A.P. Micolich. Nanoletters, 17(2), 827-833 (2017).

3. “Solution-processed semiconductors for next-generation photodetectors”. F.P. García de Arquer, A. Armin, P. Meredith & E.H. Sargent. Nature Reviews Materials, 2 (3), 16100. (2017).

4. “p-Doping of polystyrene polymers with attached functional side-groups from solution”. Tanja Schneider, Felix Limberg, Kelvin Yao, Ardalan Armin, Nils Jürgensen, Jens Czolk, Bernd Ebenhoch, Pascal Friederich, Wolfgang Wenzel, Jan Behrends, Hartmut Krüger, Alexander Colsmann. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 5 (3), 770-776.DOI: 10.1039/c6tc02346k. (2017).

5. “Engineering dielectric constants in organic semiconductors”. A. Armin, D.M. Stoltzfus, J.E. Donaghey, A.J. Clulow, R.C.R. Nagiri, P.L. Burn, I.R. Gentle & P. Meredith. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 5 (15), 3736-3747. DOI: 10.1039/c7tc00893g. (2017).

6. “A triarylamine-based anode modifier for efficient organohalide perovskite solar cells”. Q. Lin, W. Jiang, S. Zhang, R.C.R. Nagiri, P.L. Burn & P. Meredith. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 9(10), 9096-9101. (2017).

7. “A thiocarbonyl-containing small molecule for optoelectronics”. D. Gendron, F. Maasoumi, A. Armin, K. Pattison, P.L. Burn, P.Meredith, E.B. Namdas, B.J. Powell. RSC Advances, 7 (17), 10316-10322. DOI: 10.1039/c7ra00693d. (2017).

8. “Electric Field and Mobility Dependent First‐Order Recombination Losses in Organic Solar Cells”. Martin Stolterfoht, Safa Shoaee, Ardalan Armin, Hui Jin, Ivan Kassal, Wei Jiang, Paul Burn & Paul Meredith. Advanced Energy Materials, 7 (4), 1601379. DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201601379. (2017).

9. “Assessing the sensing limits of fluorescent dendrimer thin films for the detection of explosive vapors”. Safa Shoaee, Simon SY Chen, Hamish Cavaye, Arthur RG Smith, Paul L Burn, Ian R Gentle, Paul Meredith & Paul E Shaw. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 239, 727-733. (2017).

10. “Host-free blue phosphorescent dendrimer organic light-emitting field-effect transistors and equivalent light-emitting diodes: A comparative study”. Mujeeb Ullah, Kristen Tandy, Andrew J Clulow, Paul L Burn, Ian R Gentle, Paul Meredith, Shih-Chun Lo & Ebinazar B Namdas. ACS Photonics, 4(4), 754-760. (2017).

11. “The structural impact of water sorption in device-quality melanin thin films”. A.J. Clulow, A.B. Mostert, M. Sheliakina, A. Nelson, N. Booth, P.L. Burn, I.R. Gentle & P. Meredith. Soft Matter, 13 (21), 3954-3965. (2017).

12. “Electron hopping across hemin-doped serum albumin mats on centimetre-length scales”. N. Amdursky, X. Wang, M.M. Mahat, P. Meredith, J.D. Riley, D.J. Payne, D.D.C. Bradley & M.M. Stevens. Advanced Materials, 29(27), 1700810. DOI: 10.1002/adma.201700810. (2017).

13. “The Scaling Physics of Thin Film Organic Solar Cells”. A. Armin & P. Meredith. World Scientific Handbook of Organic Optoelectronics, Volume 2 Organic Photovoltaics, Chapter 7 (edited F. So & B. Thompson), World Scientific Publishing, New York (2017).

14. “Interplay between triplet-, singlet-charge transfer states and free charge carriers defining bimolecular recombination rate constant of organic solar cells”. Ardalan Armin, James R Durrant & Safa Shoaee. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 121 (25), 13969-13976. (2017).


15. “On the unipolarity of charge transport in methanofullerene diodes”. A. Armin, S. Shoaee, Q. Lin, P.L Burn & P. Meredith. NPG Flexible Electronics, 1, 13.DOI:10.1038/s41528-017-0012-y. (2017).


16. “Effect of capping group on the properties of non-polymeric diketopyrrolopyrroles for solution-processed bulk heterojunction solar cells”. A. Chandrasekharan, M. Hambsch, H. Jin, F. Maasoumi, P.E. Shaw, D.M. Lyons, S.E. Watkins, P.L. Burn, S.-C. Lo, P. Meredith & E.B. Namdas. Organic Electronics, 50, 339-346. (2017).

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